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Types of Dementia explained

December 22nd, 2019

Dementia is an overall term for progressive disorders affecting the brain. These disorders often overlap in their symptoms. Here’s a quick snapshot of some of the various forms it takes. SOURCE: Mayo Clinic 2019

ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE: Irreversibly destroys brain cells causing thinking and memory to deteriorate. Causes are still unknown.

VASCULAR DEMENTIA (due to strokes): Decline in thinking skills caused by blocked/reduced blood flow to regions of the brain depriving them of oxygen and nutrients.

LEWY BODY DISEASE: Abnormal structures, called Lewy bodies, build up in areas of the brain causing changes in alertness and attention, hallucinations, problems with movement and posture, muscle stiffness, and confusion.

FRONTO-TEMPORAL DEMENTIA: Progressive degeneration of the temporal and frontal lobes of the brain responsible for decision-making, behavioral control, emotion, and language.

CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB DISEASE: A fatal degenerative brain disorder that includes memory problems, behavioral changes, poor coordination, and visual disturbances.

PARKINSON’S DISEASE: A progressive nervous system disorder that affects movement. Tremors, stiffness, and slowing of movement are common.

HUNTINGTON’S DISEASE: A fatal genetic disorder that causes the progressive breakdown of nerve cells in the brain deteriorating a person’s physical and mental abilities.

TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY (TBI): Explosiveness, memory loss and impaired speech caused by repetitive head trauma, often affects people such as boxers, football players or soldiers.

MIXED DEMENTIA: Studies of the brains of people 80 and older who had dementia indicate that many had a combination of several causes, such as Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, and Lewy body dementia.

No matter which type of dementia you or your loved one has, Parkview Memory Care at Paradise Village has decades of compassionate, comprehensive, and licensed experience caring for residents with dementia.

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